Primarily seen in rainforests and secondary forests throughout Mexico, Central America and South America.
- Wingspans can be 13- 18 centimeters (5-7 inches) making it one of the largest butterflies in the world.
- Usually seen with the wings closed displaying a single eye spot, resting on side of a tree or branch.
- The “eyespot” on the hindwing is the most conspicuous identification featured.
- One theory is that the eyespot resembles an owl’s eye and therefore be a potential predator to any smaller predator for fear they may be captured by some large eyed predator.
- Another theory is the pattern on the wings resemble the head of a predator like a lizard.
- Another theory is the eyespot tricks the predators into attacking the eyespot rather than the real body of the butterfly.
- Provides a target away from their body. They can escape an attack with part of wing damaged.
- They are most active at dawn and dusk.